目录
Omani Arabic: More than a Dialect
作者: Rashid Al-Balushi PDF下载
工作单位: Department of English Language and Literature, College of Arts and Social Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University
期数: 2016年第4期
页码: 80-125
出版日期: 2016-06-01
摘要: This paper surveys several linguistic aspects of the varieties of the Omani Arabic dialect (OA). It starts with a discussion of the sociolinguistic situation in Oman and the factors that shaped it, as well as discussing the OA varieties and the languages spoken in the country. This is followed by a presentation of the OA consonant and vowel phonemes and their allophones. The paper also presents phonological aspects such as syllable structure and word stress as well as examples of processes like assimilation and emphasis spreading. Then, it presents the OA personal, demonstrative, possessive, and interrogative pronouns, as well as morphological issues such as subject agreement affixes, verbal forms, passive formation, and pluralization patterns. Next, it presents syntactic patterns including word order, negation, question formation, and relative clauses. Besides the survey, the paper provides examples that reveal similarity between some OA dialects and those of the pre-Islamic era, as evidenced by some of the documented and approved readings of the Holy Qur..n. There is also discussion of some cases of grammaticalization and pronominal copulas.
关键词: Omani Arabic dialects, phonemes and phonological processes, pronouns, verb structure, negation particles.
文章编号: doi:10.26478/ja2016.4.4.5
参考文献:

Al-Aghbari, Khalsa. 2004a. The Broken Plurals in the Muscat Dialect of Omani Arabic [D]. M.A. Thesis, Victoria, Canada: University of Victoria.
Al-Aghbari, Khalsa. 2004b. Word order of wh-questions in Omani Arabic [A]. Working Papers of the Linguistic Circle (WPLC) [C]. Victoria, Canada:

  University of Victoria.
Al-Balushi, Rashid. 2013. Verbal and Nominal Case Suffixes in Standard Arabic: A Unified Account [J]. Brill’s Annual of Afroasiatic Languages and

  Linguistics, 5(1):35-82.

Al-Balushi, Rashid. To appear. The Relationship between Agreement and Morphological Case: Evidence from Arabic. Concentric: Studies in Linguistics. 
Benmamoun, Elabbas, and Mark Hasegawa-Johnson. 2013. How Different are Arabic Dialects from Each Other and from Classical Arabic? [A] The 6th

  International Arabic Linguistics Symposium [C]. Morocco: Al-Akhawayn University.
Brockett, Adrian. 1985. The spoken Arabic of Khabura on the Baṭina of Oman [J]. Journal of Semitic Studies. Monograph 7.

Eades, Domenyk. 2009a. The Arabic dialect of a Shawawi community of northern Oman [A]. In R. D. Jong & E. A. Wer (eds.), Arabic Dialectology: In

  honor of Clive Holes on the Occasion of his 60th Birthday [C]. Leiden: Brill. 77-98.
Eades, Domenyk. 2009b. Retention of the Passive Verb in a Bedouin dialect of Northern Oman [J], Journal of Arabic Linguistics, 51(1):5-21.
Eades, Domenyk. 2011. A transitional Arabic dialect of the northern Omani interior, Journal of Arabic Linguistics, 54, 1:27-41.
Eid, Mushira. 1983. The copula function of pronouns [J]. Lingua, 59:197-207.
Fassi Fehri, Abdelkader. 1993. Issues in the Structure of Arabic Clauses and Words [M]. Dordrecht: Kluwer.
Ferguson, Charles. 1959. The Arabic koine [J]. Language, 35(4):616-630.
Galloway, Douglas. 1977. An introduction to the spoken Arabic of Oman [Z]. Ms.
Glover, Bonnie. 1988. The Morphophonology of Muscat Arabic [D]. Doctoral Dissertation. Los Angeles: University of California.
Holes, Clive. 1989. Towards a dialect geography of Oman [J]. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 52:446-462.
Holes, Clive. 1991. Kashkasha and the fronting and affrication of the velar stops revisited: A contribution to the historical phonology of the

  peninsular Arabic dialects [A]. In Alan Kaye (ed.), Semitic Studies in Honor of Wolf Leslau [C], Vol. 1. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. 652-778.
Holes, Clive. 1996. The Arabic dialects of south-eastern Arabia in a sociohistorical perspective [J]. Jounal of Arabic Linguistics, 31:34-56.
Holes, Clive. 1998. Retention and loss of the passive verb in the Arabic dialects of northern Oman and eastern Arabia [J]. Journal of Semitic

  Studies,43(2):347-362.
Holes, Clive. 2004a. Modern Arabic: Structures, functions, and varieties [M]. London: Longman.
Holes, Clive. 2004b. Quadriliteral verbs in the Arabic dialects of eastern Arabia [A]. In M. Haak, R. D. Jong & K. Versteegh (eds.), Approaches to

  Arabic Dialects: A Collection of Articles presented to Manfred Woidich on the Occasion of his Sixtieth Birthday [C]. Leiden: Brill. 97-116.
Holes, Clive. 2007. Omani Arabic [A]. In Lat-Pu. K. Versteegh, A. Elgibali, M. Woidich, & A. Zaborski (eds.), Encyclopaedia of Arabic Language and

  Linguistics [C], Vol 3. Leiden, Boston and Cologne: Brill. 478-491. [corrected attribution is in Encyclopaedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

  On-Line Edition, 2011]
Holes, Clive. 2011. A Participial Infix in the Eastern Arabian Dialects–An Ancient Pre-Conquest Feature? [J] Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and

  Islam, 38:75-98.
Holes, Clive. 2012. The Omani Arabic Dialects in Their Regional Context: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow [A]. In N. Zidgaly (ed.), Building Bridges:

  Integrating Language, Linguistics, Literature, and Translation in English Studies [C]. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Press. 233-250.
Holes, Clive. 2013. An Arabic text from Ṣūr, Oman [A]. In R. D. Jong & C. Holes (eds), Ingham of Arabia: A Collection of Articles Presented as a

  Tribute to the Career of Bruce Ingham [C]. Leiden: Brill. 87-107.
Holes, Clive. 2014. The Omani dialects of Arabic [A]. In Oman Encyclopedia [C], prepared by the Ministry of Heritage and Culture in Oman.
Jayakar, Atmaram. 1889. The Omanee dialect of Arabic [J]. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 21:649-889.
Jayakar, Atmaram. 1903. The Shaħee dialect of Arabic [J]. Journal of the Bombay Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 21:246-277.

Johnstone, Thomas. 1967. Eastern Arabian dialect studies [M]. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Praetorius, Franz. 1880. Uber den arabischen Dialekt vin Zanzibar [J]. Zeitschrift der deutschen morgenlandischen Gesellschaft, 34:217-231.
Prochazka, Theodore. 1981. The Shi'i dialects of Bahrain and their relationship to the eastern Arabian dialects and the Omani dialect of al-Ristaq

  [J]. Journal of Arabic Linguistics, 6:16-55.
Reinhardt, Carl. 1972[1894]. Ein Arabischer Dialekt Gesprochen in Oman and Zanzibar [A]. Lehrbucher des Seminars fur orientalische Sprachen zu

  Berlin [C].Amsterdam: Philo Press.
Rhodonakis, N. 1908. Der vulgararabische Dialekt im Dofar (Ẓfar). I. Prosaische und poetische Texte, Ubersetzung und Indices [A]. Kaiserliche

  Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sudarabische Expedition [C], Band 8. Wien: Alfred Holder.
Rhodonakis, N. 1911. Der vulgararabische Dialekt im Dofar (Ẓfar). II. Einleitung, Glossar und Grammatik [A]. Kaiserliche Akademie der

  Wissenschaften, Sudarabische Expedition [C], Band 10. Wien: Alfred Holder.
Ryding, Karin. 2005. A Reference Grammar of Modern Standard Arabic [M]. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Shaaban, Kassim. 1977. The Phonology of Omani Arabic [D]. Doctoral Dissertation, Austin: University of Texas.
Sībawayhi, Abū Bishr. 1990[8th century]. Al-Kitāb [M], Volume I. Cairo: Bulāq.
Tucker, Matthew. 2010. The morphosyntax of the Arabic verb: Toward a unified Syntax-Prosody [Z]. Ms. Santa Cruz: University of California.
Watson, Janet. 2002. The Phonology and Morphology of Arabic [M]. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Webster, Roger. 1991. Notes on the dialect and way of life of the Āl-Wahība Bedouin of Oman [J]. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African

  Studies, 54(3):473-485.
Wright, William. 1896. A Grammar of the Arabic Language [M], Volume 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

友情链接:  |   |   | 

中国江苏省南京市栖霞区仙林大道163号南京大学文学院210046   电话:025-86481986    邮箱:macrolinguistics@nju.edu.cn

The learned Press, 9 East 37th Street, Suite: WL, New York, NY 10016, U.S.A

Tel: 646-831-8213   Fax: 413-826-8213   E-mail: macrolinguistics@gmail.com

Copyright©2007-2016 宏观语言学